Urinalysis is a test that involves analyzing the appearance, concentration, and content of the urine to detect medical problems.
Your doctor may order this test as part of an annual examination. It may also be used to monitor treatment of medical conditions or to screen for a number of problems, such as urinary tract infections, kidney disease, or diabetes.
Risks and precautions
There are no risks associated with this test.
Before the test
To ensure that your test results are accurate, it is important to avoid factors that may change the appearance or content of the urine.
You should avoid eating foods that may change the color of the urine, such as blackberries, beets, and rhubarb. You should avoid intense exercise before the test. You should tell your doctor if you are menstruating or if you are close to your next menstrual period.
Some medications can also alter the color of the urine.
If you are taking any prescription or over-the-counter (non-prescription) medications, supplements, or herbal products, make sure you inform your doctor or pharmacist. Ask them whether it is necessary for you to stop taking any of these medications and products before the test. It is also important to tell them if you have allergies to certain medications or have certain medical conditions.