What is this medication for?
This medication belongs to a group of medications known as vaccines. It is used to prevent tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (whooping cough).
This vaccine increases a person's defenses against pertussis infection and against the toxins produced by tetanus and diphtheria bacteria. It works by introducing very small amounts of bacterial and toxin components into the bloodstream. Only certain parts of the bacteria are used (therefore they are not alive), and the toxins have been detoxified. Still, these components are enough to stimulate the production of a person's own antibodies (cells designed to attack that particular bacteria or toxin), which will remain in the body ready to attack any future bacteria that may cause infection and deal with the toxins produced during tetanus or diphtheria infection.
This vaccine is recommended for booster doses in people 11 to 64 years of age.
Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed here. If you have not discussed this with your doctor or are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
What form(s) does this medication come in?
Adacel® is available as:
- single-dose vials (0.5 mL)
Some medications may have other generic brands available. Always ask your doctor or pharmacist about the safety of switching between brands of the same medication.
How should I use this medication?
This medication is given as a booster injection into a muscle (usually on the upper arm), usually in a doctor's office. The booster dose should not be given until 5 years after a previous dose of tetanus - diptheria - pertussis vaccine.
This vaccine is stored in the refrigerator and should not be allowed to freeze.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. Other dosing schedules are sometimes used.
It is very important to keep doctor appointments so that this medication may be used according to recommended schedules. If you miss a scheduled dose, it may affect how well this vaccine works.
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Who should NOT take this medication?
This vaccine should not be used by anyone who:
- is allergic to any ingredient of this medication
- has an uncontrolled progressive neurological disorder, uncontrolled seizures, or progressive encephalopathy
- has had an allergic reaction to other tetanus, diphtheria, or pertussis vaccines
- has had encephalopathy (a condition affecting brain function) within 7 days of a tetanus - diphtheria - pertussis vaccine