Adderall XR

mixed salts amphetamine extended-release

By Shire

What is this medication for?

Mixed salts amphetamine extended-release belongs to the family of medications known as central nervous system (CNS) stimulants. It is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

It helps to increase attention and decrease hyperactivity in children and adolescents 6 years of age and older and adults who have been diagnosed with ADHD. This medication should be used as part of a comprehensive treatment program for ADHD that may include other measures such as educational, social, or psychological support.

Your doctor may have suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed here. As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for all of the conditions discussed here. If you are not sure why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.

Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.

What form(s) does this medication come in?

Adderall XR® is available as:

  • extended-release capsules
    • 5 mg
    • 10 mg
    • 15 mg
    • 20 mg
    • 25 mg
    • 30 mg
Some medications may have other generic brands available. Always ask your doctor or pharmacist about the safety of switching between brands of the same medication.

How should I use this medication?

The dose of this medication will be individualized according to the needs of the person taking the medication. The usual starting dose for children 6 years of age and older and adolescents is 10 mg once daily in the morning. The maximum dose for children 6 to 12 years of age is 30 mg once daily. The usual starting dose for adults is 20 mg once daily in the morning.

Swallow this medication whole with water or other liquids. It may be taken with or without food. Do not crush or split the capsules. The capsule contains small pellets of medication specially designed to release their contents slowly inside the body. The capsule may be opened and the contents sprinkled over applesauce. The applesauce should be eaten immediately after sprinkling, not stored for later. Avoid chewing the applesauce because chewing could damage the pellets from the capsule. Eat all of the sprinkled applesauce to make sure you get the full dose.

Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications. If your doctor has recommended a dose different from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.

It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.

Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from light and moisture, and keep it out of the reach of children.

Who should NOT take this medication?

Do not take this medication if you:

  • are allergic to mixed salts amphetamine extended-release or any ingredients of the medication
  • are allergic to a group of medications known as sympathomimetics (e.g., pseudoephedrine, epinephrine)
  • are agitated
  • are taking a monoamine oxidase inhibitor antidepressant (e.g., phenelzine, tranylcypromine) or have taken one in the last 14 days
  • have a history of drug abuse
  • have an overactive thyroid gland
  • have advanced hardening of the arteries
  • have glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye)
  • have heart disease causing noticeable symptoms
  • have moderate-to-severe high blood pressure
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The contents of this health site are for informational purposes only. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition.

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